Table of Contents
In the 2017 Volvo Trucks Safety Report the Swedish truck, bus and coach manufacturer has analysed and described why accidents involving trucks occur, how they happen, and what should be done to reduce the risk of accidents and their consequences. Although 'a truck is not a bus' and this report is focussed on trucks in relation to vulnerable road users, the type of accidents also apply to bus and coach sector.
Automated road transport or self-driving trucks will save costs, reduce emissions, make roads safer. But the impact on driver jobs requires a managed transition to avoid potential social disruption from job losses, says study published by the International Transport Forum (ITF) with three partner organisations.
The coming years there is to be expected a shortage of professional drivers. This will have an effect on the road transport industry. This ITF study says automated trucks could reduce the demand for drivers by 50-70% in the US and Europe by 2030, with up to 4.4 million of the projected 6.4 million professional trucking jobs becoming redundant, according to one scenario. Even if the rise of driverless trucks dissuades newcomers from trucking, over 2 million drivers in the US and Europe could be directly displaced, according to scenarios examined for the report. José Viegas, Secretary-General of the International Transport Forum (ITF) said: “Preparing now for potential negative social impact of job losses will mitigate the risks in case a rapid transition occurs.”
The report makes four recommendations to help manage the transition to driverless road freight:
- Establish a transition advisory board to advise on labour issues.
- Consider a temporary permit system to manage the speed of adoption.
- Set international standards, road rules and vehicle regulations for self-driving trucks.
- Continue pilot projects with driverless trucks to test vehicles, network technology and communications protocols.
These recommendations were agreed jointly by organisations representing truck manufacturers, truck operators and transport workers’ unions, under the auspices of an intergovernmental organisation. This broad coalition of stakeholders lends the call to action particular weight.
The report was prepared jointly by the European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA), the International Transport Workers’ Federation and the International Road Transport Union (IRU), the road transport’s industry’s global body, in a project led by the International Transport Forum, a Paris-based intergovernmental organisation with 57 member countries linked to the OECD.
Download the report:www.itf-oecd.org/managing-transition-driverless-road-freight-transport
Global demand for buses is projected to increase 4.9% per year through 2021 to 623.000 units, an improvement over 2011-2016 market performance. The number of buses in use worldwide is expected to reach 9.7 million units. These and other trends are presented in Global Bus Market, 6th Edition, a study from The Freedonia Group, a Cleveland-based industry research firm.